Bijapur is one of the famous cities in the south Indian state, Karnataka. The city of Bijapur also acts as the headquarters of the Bijapur district and Bijapur Taluk in Karnataka. The location holds an inevitable position in the tourist map of Karnataka state because of the historical importance of the city. There are many historic architectural attractions, constructed during the regime of the Adil Shahi dynasty, in Bijapur. The present city of Bijapur is located at 530 km north of the state’s capital Bangalore, 384 kilometers from the hi-tech city of Hyderabad and 550 kilometers away from the financial capital of India, Mumbai.
Bijapur is also a big city in terms of population. According to the census reports in the year of 2011, there are 326,000 people live in this famous city, which makes it the ninth biggest city in the state of Karnataka, in terms of population. The Bijapur City Corporation (BCC), one of the newly formed municipal corporations in Karnataka controls the administration of the Bijapur city.
The district of Bijapur comes under Belgaum division, one of the four administrative divisions of Karnataka state. It is being believed that the city of Bijapur was established by the Kalyani Chalukyas between the 10th and 11th century. During this time, the city was famous in the name Vijayapura (City of victory). Later the control of Vijayapura was transferred to Yadavas and Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga dominated the city in 1347. During the second half of the 13th century Vijayapura came under the control of the Khilji Sultanate in Delhi and started to be called in the name Bijapur.
History of BijapurDuring the last stages of the 15th century the Adil Shahi dynasty came into force in the Bijapur region. The city of Bijapur was the capital of the Adil Shahi dynasty (1490–1686) and the city owes a lot to Yusuf Adil Shah, one who found the independent city of Bijapur and worked for the glory of the city. In the year of AD1686, the rule of Adil Shahi dynasty ended in Bijapur by the conquering of the region by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. By the starting of the 18thcentury Nizam of Hyderabad took the control of Bijapur and in 1760, Marathas defeated sultan and added Bijapur to the Maratha Peshwa.
In the year of AD1818, when British beat the Maratha Peshwa in the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the control of the Bijapur city was given to the British East India Company. Afterwards the region was added to the princely state Satara. In the year of 1848 the state Satara along with Bijapur was joined in the Britain's Bombay Presidency, when the ruler of Satara passed away devoid of a male inheritor. After India gained independence, in 1947, Bijapur was included to the Bombay state. The region was then transferred to Karnataka state, in 1956 followed by the reassigning of the location to the state of Mysore.
Tourism in Bijapur
A list of the famous tourist spots and historical attractions, in Bijapur are listed below:
- Gol Gumbaz,
- The Archaeological Museum
- Ibrahim Rauza
- Upli Buruj
- Chand Bawdi
- Asar Mahal
- Gagan Mahal
- Saat Kabar
- Jami Masjid
- Green Stone Sarchophagus
- Jala Manjil
- Mehatar Mahal
- Jod Gumbaz
- Chand Bavadi
- Malika Jahan Begam’s Mosque
- Malik Sandals Mosque
- Mecca mosque
- Narasimha temple
- Parshwanath Basadi
- Lord Shiva Statue
- Torvi Narasimha Temple
- Shree Siddeshwar Temple
- Alamatti Dam (Lal Bahaddur Shastri Sagar)
- Basavan Bagewadi
Population in BijapurAccording to the last census reports the city of Bijapur has a population of about 3 lakh people and the population of entire Bijapur district exceeds 21 lakh. The 20% of the total population of Bijapur live in the urban areas while the other 80% of people are habitants of rural areas, in Bijapur. 51% of total population of Bijapur constitutes of males when 49% of the population are females. 84% is the average rate of literacy in Bijapur. The average literacy rate of Bijapur is higher than the national average literacy rate. 89% and 78% are the respective literacy rates of males and females in Bijapur. 12% of the total Bijapur population is children below the age of six.
Language Spoken in BijapurMajor language spoken in the Bijapur area is Kannada. Kannada is a Dravidian language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka. Kannada is also one of the languages in India with its own script. The script used in Kannada is somewhat similar to the Telugu script.
Transportation in Bijapur
Road transportation in BijapurBijapur is a location with good accessibility from many of the nearby cities. The city of Bijapur is connected well by NH- 13, NH-218 and some state highways to the nearby locations. The state transport department of Karnataka has 6 units in Bijapur. The state transport department provides bus service to the cities like Bengaluru, Mumbai, Hubli, Hyderabad, Pune, Mysore, Mangalore, and Belgaum with sleeper coach, sitting push back coach, premium, AC, and Non AC facilities.
Railway in BijapurThe Bijapur railway station is a well facilitated railway station and has been connected to the nearby railway stations with punctual service of regular trains. Hotgi junction, Kurduvadi railway station, Bagalkot, and Gadag junction are the nearest railway stations to the Bijapur railway station. Bijapur railway comes under the South Western Railway (SWR).
Air Transportation in BijapurBijapur Airport is the major part of the Bijapur air transportation. The air port is under construction and will be operating on a public-private partnership agreement. The proposed air port will be having a 2500 square meter terminal building and a capacity of 100 passengers. Bijapur air port will be built with a runway with an area of 51,000 square meters, which is capable of handling aircrafts of multiple sizes.
Bijapur FestivalsFestivals are a major part of Bijapur's culture. Most of the popular festivals celebrated in India like Deewali, Dusshera, Makara Sankranti, and Eid are celebrated here in Bijapur. Bijapur Music Festival is the most popular local festival celebrated in Bijapur. Every year, the festival is conducted in Bijapur by the government of Karnataka. The Bijapur Music Festival mainly features Indian classical music and folk music.
Climate in BijapurA semi-arid climate is observed in the Bijapur region, in Karnataka. The month of May is the time, when the average high temperature in Bijapur is seen maximum. The least average minimum temperature is experienced during the month of December in Bijapur and the month of July is the time when maximum rain fall occurs in Bijapur.
Shopping in BijapurBuying the handicrafts prepared by the local people in Bijapur would be an inevitable part of the Bijapur shopping. Stone decorative product, hand woven cloths, jute bags and beaded jewelers some of the major stuffs sold to the tourists in Bijapur.
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