Bara Kaman is one of the famous heritage sites in Karnataka. The site is located in the Bijapur city situated close to the north boundary of the Karnataka state. Bara Kaman is an unfinished mausoleum of Ali Adil Shah II, the 8th and the second last king of the Adil Shahi dynasty in Bijapur. Ali Adil Shah II ruled the city from AD 1656 to AD 1672. The reason behind the starting of construction of this building is the determination of Ali Adil Shah II to build a beautiful and large mausoleum which the world has not seen before. The structure is located within the citadel of the Bijapur city ruled by Adil Shahis. The structure of this building was proposed to have twelve arches, which are built vertically as well as horizontally surrounding the tomb of Ali Adil Shah II. The name given to the structure Bara Kaman, which means twelve arches in English, indicates the 12 arches proposed to incorporate in this mausoleum.
Attractions at Bara KamanThe structure remains incomplete in Bijapur and the reasons why the construction work of Bara Kaman left in between is still unknown. The Bara Kaman stands in Bijapur hiding many mysteries. The sight of huge arches, some of which are incomplete is the first thing catching attraction of visitors to the Bara Kaman in Bijapur. People will surely imagine the beauty and size of the proposed structure of Bara Kaman in Bijapur while having a visit to this location. If Bara Kaman was constructed completely, it would have been the most amazing monument in the heritage city of Karnataka, Bijapur. The Bara Kaman is presently under the control of Archeological Survey of India and necessary security measures and maintenance is ensured here to protect this important heritage monument.
One popular myth behind the incompletion of Bara Kaman in Bijapur says that the shadows of the Bara Kaman may cover the Gol Gumbaz, the most popular heritage monument and mausoleum of Mohammad Adil Shah in Bijapur. So to avoid the fading of the beauty of the Gol Gumbaz, Adil Shahis left the plan to construct Bara Kaman in Bijapur. The structure was called in the name Ali ka Roza popularly before and it was Shah Nawab Khan, who started to call the structure in the name Bara Kaman. The tomb of Ali Adil Shah II is visible within the structure along with some other tombs, which are believed to be the tombs of his wives and daughters.