Geography of Bijapur
Bijapur district in the Karnataka state is established by the Chalukyas dynasty of Kalyani between the 10th and 11th centuries. This district is located at 16.83 degree north and 75.7 degree east. It has an average elevation of 1988 feet. Bijapur district covers the 10541 sq km area. The east part of Bijapur district is bounded by Gulbarga district, southeast by Raichur district, the south and the southwest by Bagalkot district and on the west by Belgam district and by the Sangali of Maharashtra on the northwest and Sholapur on the north Bangal on the north west. The district of Bijapur lies between 15 X 50 and 17 X 28 north latitude and 74 X 54 and 76 X 28 east longitudes.
Geographically Bijapur district lies in the tract of Deccan plateaus and the land of this district can be classified into three zones such as the northern belt consisting of the Bijapur taluks Indi and Sindagi, the central belt consisting of Bijapur city and the southern belt consisting the plains of Krishna river parted from the central belt by a stretch of barren trap.
The northern belt of Bijapur district consist of low rolling uplands without much vegetation, gently rounded and falling into intermediate narrow valleys. The soil of this upland being shallow and the villagers are gently confined to the banks of the steams and are far away from another. The plains near the Doni River consist of rich deep black soils stretching from west to east and a plain is crossed from west to east by two lines of sandstone hills across the Krishna River, South towards Badami and southwest to east by two lines of sandstone hills. These hills increase the number and the black soil gives way to the red.
Usually summers in Bijapur quite hot and humid, especially in the months of April and May. Summer season in Bijapur is very dry and generally uncomfortable. The monsoon season ushers generally in June and stays till October. Bijapur city has mild to moderated showers during monsoons. This period is the perfect time for sightseeing and attracts lots of travelers. The average annual rain fall for the Bijapur district is 552.8 mm with 37.2. During the winter season, temperature ranges from 20 degree Celsius to 30 degree Celsius. Usually winter in Bijapur is pleasant and lot of tourists comes to Bijapur to spend their vacations during this time and it is the best season to visit Bijapur.
Rivers in Bijapur
The major rivers in Bijapur district are Krishna River, Bhima River and Doni River. Krishna River is the most important river of Bijapur. This river has a course about 125 miles in the district and a dam is built across the river at Alamatti. Northern area of Bijapur district is drained by Bhima River and it stretches about 20 miles. During the rainy season, Bhima River overflows and spread over a wider area which is thereby rendered extremely fertile. The center portion of Bijapur district is drained by Doni River. The water in Doni River is slightly salty, thus it is not useful for agriculture.
Dams in BijapurThe Almatti dam is a dam project across the Krishna River in Bijapur district which was completed in July 2005. It is the main reservoir of the upper Krishna irrigation project. The annual electric output of Almatti dam is 560 MU. A 290 mw power project is located on the right side of this dam and the facilities used for this power project are vertical Kaplan turbines: five 55 mw generators and one 15 mw generator. After the usage of water for power project it is released to the Narayanpur reservoir to serve the downstream irrigation needs. Narayanpur dam also known as Basava Sagar dam is the second major dam built across the river Krishna. This irrigation dam is over 10kilometerslong and 29 meters high with a total storage capacity of 38 TMC.
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