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Historical Monuments in Bijapur

The Bijapur city, one of the ancient cities in the Deccan region, is the headquarters of the Bijapur district in Karnataka. The city was built by Chalukya Empire in the 11th century and the Adil Shahi Dynasty ruled the city between 15th and 17th centuries. Many of the monuments built during the regime of these rulers are still there in the city of Bijapur.

Famous Historical Monuments in Bijapur

Monuments built by Adil Shahis like Gol Gumbaz, and Ibrahim Rauza are exotic architectural wonders and tourists from different states of India visit the Bijapur city to enjoy the beauty of these monuments. Some descriptions about popular historical monuments in Bijapur are added below:

Gol Gumbaz

Historical Monuments in Bijapur

The Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur is the most popular as well as largest heritage monument in the city. This huge architectural wonder built in the medieval times is the tomb of Adil Shahi ruler Mohammed Adil Shah. The structure is designed with symmetrical features and it also called as Taj Mahal of south India. The central dome, one of the largest domes ever built in the world is the main attraction of the architecture of Gol Gumbaz. This huge tomb also hosts a mosque within it. The whispering gallery built in Gol Gumbaz is a wonderful place where the sound of whisperings can be reflected to a distance about 37 meters.

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Malik-e-Maidan is a notable monument built in Bijapur during the time of Adil Shahis. The meaning of the name given to the monument is ‘Monarch of the Plains’ in english. The cannon in Malik-e-Maidan can be considered as one of the largest cannons used in the world during the medieval times. This huge cannon has the length of 5 meter and diameter of 1.5 meter. This cannon, brought to Bijapur in the 17th century has been placed on a platform called Sherza Burj (Lion Gate) in Malik-e-Maidan.

Ibrahim Rauza

Historical Monuments in Bijapur

Ibrahim Rauza in Bijapur is one of the attractive as well as oldest heritage monuments in the city. The structure is the tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shah II and his queen Taj Sultana. The structure built in the 17th century is also known in the name Ali Rauza in Bijapur. Delicate carvings, arches, and beautiful doors are the main attractions of this building designed by the Persian architect, Malik Sandal, whose tomb is seen within the courtyards of the Ibrahim Rauza. This huge structure stands over a single rock bed.

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Upli Buruj

Upli Buruj is a tower in the Bijapur city built in the 16th century by Adil Shahis. This tower is built with an approximate height of 80 feet and a unique view of the Bijapur city is available from the top of the tower. The tower used for watching enemies during the medieval times comprises two guns within it.

Chand Bawdi

Chand Bawdi is a huge water tank built by Ali Adil Shah in the 16th century to meet the water needs of the city. The tank is located near to the eastern boundary of the Bijapur citadel. The tank named after wife of Ali Adil Shah, Chand Bibi has a capacity of 20 million liters

Asar Mahal

Asar Mahal is one of the beautiful palaces built by Adil Shahis in Bijapur. The palace located at the east side of the ancient Bijapur citadel was built by Mohammed Adil Shah in the 17th century. Initially the place was used as a location for juristic procedures in Bijapur and later it was altered into one of the revered places in the city by bringing the hairs from the beard of Prophet Mohammed. It has so many attractive wooden carvings and entry for women to the palace is restricted.

Gagan Mahal

Gagan Mahal is a palace built by Ali Adil Shah I in the 16th century. This royal palace has a beautiful durbar hall in its ground floor and the first floor was used as a royal residency. The meaning of the name given to the palace is heavenly palace in English.

Mehtar Mahal

The Mehtar Mahal in Bijapur is one of the most beautiful palaces built in the city by Adil Shahi rulers. A Hindu Muslim mixture of architecture is used for the construction of this palace. Even though Mehtar Mahal is small in dimensions, when compared to other palaces in Bijapur, its elegance makes it one of the important monuments of Adil Shahi dynasty.

Landa Kasab

Landa Kasab Gun in Bijapur

Landa Kasab is the name of a popular heritage monument in the city of Bijapur. The Landa Kasab is a huge cannon introduced to the city of Bijapur by Adil Shahi rulers. The city was famous for housing the largest cannon of the medieval times, the Malik e Maidan. Landa Kasab can be considered as the second largest gun used by Adil Shahis after the famous Malik e Maidan. Malik e Maidan, Landa Kasab, Sherzi, and Firangi were the major guns used by Adil Shahis in Bijapur.

As a part of the programs to strengthen the security of Bijapur city, Adil Shahis introduced many guns and bastions to the city. Landa Kasab is one of the 96 bastions introduced by Adil Shahis around the city of Bijapur. Sherzi bastion and Firangi bastion are other two major guns introduced in the city by Adil Shahis along with the Landa Kasab. The gun is located at the south of the Bijapur citadel and played an important role in providing safety to the ancient Bijapur city from enemies.

The weight of these huge cannon is calculated to be around 46.5 tons. This gun is believed to be built before three centuries and still seems unaffected with much damage. The quality and strength of this gun remains unaffected by the rain and weather conditions. This monument is now one of the ruins of Bijapur Empire. Due to the ineffective maintenance and protection to Landa Kasab, this monument is being avoided from the list of main heritage attractions of the Bijapur city.

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