Ibrahim Rauza is one of the top five historical monuments in the heritage city of India, Bijapur. The meaning of the word Rauza is said to be tomb and the name is given to the structure because it houses the tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shah II of Adil Shahi dynasty. The structure is also famous in the name Ali Rauza in Bijapur. This beautiful building was constructed in the first half of the 17th century, according to the historical records. This beautiful as well as huge structure of Bijapur dynasty contains the tombs of Ibrahim Adil Shah II, the fifth king of the dynasty and his wife Taj Sultana. When the structure was started to construct, it was planned to make the tomb of queen Taj Sultana. Tombs of Ibrahim Adil Shah II’s two sons and mother are also located within the fine square structure built on the right side of the Ibrahim Rauza. There is a common believe that the structure was an inspiration for Shajahan to construct the world famous Taj Mahal in Agra.
About Ibrahim Adil Shah IIIbrahim Adil Shah II was the fifth ruler of Adil Shahi dynasty and He ruled the city of Bijapur from AD 1556 to AD 1627. The time of Ibrahim Adil Shah II was a good period for the Adil Shahi kingdom. He extended the boundaries of the sultanate to far locations to the south of the country. He encouraged the development of arts and music in Bijapur during his time. The Ibrahim Rauza, one of the popular heritage monuments in Bijapur was constructed by Ibrahim Adil Shah II and he was buried in Ibrahim Rauza after his death in 1627. Still his name is remembered associated to the great structure built by him, the Ibrahim Rauza in Bijapur.
Architecture of Ibrahim RauzaIndo Islamic architecture is used for the construction of Ibrahim Rauza. The monument featured in beautifully decorated location with trees and plants around, was designed by a Persian architect called Malik Sandal. The monument has two square shaped structures with delicate carvings on it. The first square structure constitute of the tombs of Ibrahim Adil Shah II and his wife Taj Sultana. The second square shaped structure houses the mosque in Ibrahim Rauza. The tomb of the architect of Ibrahim Rauza, Malik Sandal is also visible within the courtyards of the structure.
The entire structure rests in the middle of a walled garden and an ornamental pond is also provided within the compound. The tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shah II is built in a podium of 13 meters length on its sides and the tomb has a ceiling with nine corner curved squares. The walls in the structure have been beautified with arches and inscriptions. Minarets with attractive carvings are provided at the corners of both of the square buildings in Ibrahim Rauza. All these Minarets are topped with domes of lotus petals on the periphery. Stair cases are provided in the structure to reach the terrace.
Most of the wood works in the structure is done with teak wood. The mosque in the Ibrahim Rauza is located at the right side of the structure and houses a number of beautiful carvings. There is prayer chamber in the mosque with rectangular shape. Five arches provided in the front of the mosque is definitely an attention catching feature of this structure. An entrance fee of rupees 5 is charged here to Indian citizens and people from SAARC countries like Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Maldives and Afghanistan. Tourists from other countries need to pay an amount of 100 rupees to enter the location. Entry to the monument is free to the children of age 15 or less.