Jami Masjid Bijapur
Jami Masjid, built by Adil Shahis in the Bijapur Empire was the largest mosque in the entire empire. This mosque built by Ali Adil Shah I during the second half of the 16th century, is one of the protected heritage sites and a popular religious place in the present Bijapur city in Karnataka. The mosque was built to commemorate the victory of Adil Shahis against the Vijayanagara kings. This monument is located within the boundaries of the ancient Bijapur city, close to the eastern citadel and houses a list of architectural attractions. A part of this huge structure has been left incomplete because of unknown reasons. The mosque is also called in the name Jumma Masjid in Bijapur.
Architecture of Jami MasjidAlike in other popular structures in Bijapur, Indo Islamic mixture of architecture is used for the construction of this beautiful mosque. An arcaded prayer hall, which can be considered as the center of the structure, fine passage ways connected to the prayer hall, massive columns with delicate carvings, and domes are the major factors catching the attention of visitors in Jami Masjid of Bijapur. This huge mosque is built with an area of 10,810 square meters (116,400 sq ft). The building of the mosque resembles a rectangle while watching from the top. The length and breadth of the rectangle like major structure of the mosque are 560 ft and 230 ft respectively. These dimensions made it one of the largest mosques in Deccan during the medieval times.
Features of Jami MasjidA large courtyard is provided associate to the Jami Masjid in Bijapur. The courtyard incorporates a water tank for the sake of devotees to the mosque. Qutba is read in the Jami Masjid on every Fridays of the week. The main dome is a part of the mosque visible far from the location of Jami Masjid. This dome has 9 bays on it and appears in a semi circular shape. Nine large arches are provided at the façade of Jami Masjid. There are 5 inner arches also seen associated to the main arches. In AD 1636 Muhammad Adil Shah shaped mehrab in the mosque and beautified it with Persian writings. 2250 inlaid rectangular tiles provided in the Jami Masjid, which look a lot like the prayer rugs used in the prayer halls is an attractive feature given to this heritage monument.
After the conquering of Bijapur by Aurangzeb during the end of 17th century, Aurangzeb renovated the mosque with some extensions. Aurangzeb built a gate to the Jami Masjid on its eastern side and provided verandahs on every sides of the mosque, except on west. This mosque is counted in the list of most popular heritage monuments in Karnataka along with Gol Gumbaz, Ibrahim Rauza, and Gagan Mahal of Bijapur.