Taj Bawadi in Bijapur
Taj Bawadi is a great water tank built by the Ibrahim’s II for the remembrance his first wife Taj Sultana. This is an arch surrounded by two octagonal towers in its front and the east and west wings of the towers form rest houses. This famous well is situated in the heart of the Bijapur city. One of the mythologies with this well is that once a stone is thrown from one end it does not reach the other end. It is believed that this well has more than 100 feet depth.
History of Taj BawadiTaj Bawadi, the living well of Bijapur is one the main source of water during Adil Shahi Dynasty. This enhancing bawadi is always filled with water till about three centuries ago with the unique architecture, attractive carvings and grandeur of Adil Shahi's Dynasty. Adil shahis were very famous for their able administration and love for music. They are also recognized for the excellent water supply schemes that they were implemented. There are lots of historical evidences to show that they have owned deep knowledge about water harvesting.
However they did not considered water as mere daily necessity, they also considered it as a luxury commodity to indulge in water sports. The water is supplied to the inner part of the cities through the tunnels to bawadies by collecting the water in the hills outside the Bijapur city. Historians says that the density of population was very high in Bijapur during the reign of Ibrahim Adil Shah II and Mohammed Adil Shah so the city probably consumed double the quantity of water it needed.